Once Upon a time…
In the Mediterranean countries , the traditional diet was based on a high consumption of fruits, vegetables, legumes and cereals ; consuming dairy, eggs, fish and meat in a moderate way . The olive oil is key to the Mediterranean diet because it is the main source of fat, which are attributed various benefits. This diet together with the practice of regular physical exercise increases our life expectancy, at the same time that it decreases the probability of suffering from coronary heart disease, obesity, diabetes and cancer.
The crude reality
However, the pattern of consumption in Mediterranean countries, especially in Spain, seems to be increasingly moving away from the traditional diet, as more red meat and dairy are consumed (above the recommended amount), decreasing the consumption of cereals, legumes, fruits and vegetables. According to recent studies, the majority of the population does not eat the recommended amounts of fruits and vegetables, especially children, since most of them barely eat one piece of fruit a day, possibly a consequence of childhood obesity that is pressing to the country.
The risk factors for childhood obesity are, among others: the lack of sports, the high consumption of pastries, soft drinks and sausages and the low consumption of fruits and vegetables, etc.
What happens in college
Something similar happens among the university population: students have adopted eating habits where sources of vitamins, minerals, water and fiber (fruits and vegetables) are mainly excluded and more animal proteins and fats are ingested.
Students have an unhealthy lifestyle : they usually eat 3 meals a day which are breakfast, lunch and dinner (the recommended intakes throughout the day are 5).
Students who eat something in the middle of the morning generally do so in the form of chocolates or snacks, pastries, sugary drinks or coffee. Suffer from food monotony , the breakfast is poor diet lacking in fresh foods like fruits, vegetables and fish, however, is dominated by fried against other healthier ways of cooking.
What should be done (which is doubtfully done)
Young university students require nutritional education from childhood in order to develop healthy lifestyle habits. Not only should young people be educated, if not the population in general, but it is these that we focus on now. Following the Mediterranean diet, taking advantage of the foods that this land gives us along with a habit of daily physical exercise would be the ideal thing to enjoy a good state of health .
The promotion of these healthy foods is vital for the population to change their bad habits and enjoy the consumption of fruit and vegetables for both pleasure and health.